The inconsistent progress in the history of the study of consciousness additionally provides evidence that the examination of the environment should still be pursued.
Consciousness became a question as early as in 6th century B.C. during the Axial Age, but ended when the Christian “Age of Faith” arose (Norfleet).
Therefore, consciousness studies remained stagnant until the Italian Renaissance’s “Age of Discovery/Exploration” in the 15th century (Norfleet). At the beginning of the 17th century, figures such as René Descartes and Immanuel Kant suggested the idea that the external environment is necessary to establishing the self (Skirry and Kant). In the early 20th century, Carl Jung, another theorist, further promoted environment as a factor through his idea of the collective unconscious (Sofia University). By 1920 though, consciousness studies were stagnant again because of the emergence of psychology, particularly behaviorism, and brain science. Studies on consciousness were deemed “…too subjective in nature and not conducive to experimental analysis…” (Norfleet). Cognitive phenomena and related topics were therefore smothered until the 1960s (Norfleet).
So Consciousness Went Through Dark Periods And Was Neglected Like A Misunderstood Emo Kid.
Consciousness research resumed by the late 1980s, but the advances focused on – and continue to be – neurological. History shows that even earlier thinkers considered the environment to be a key factor. Let’s not forget the Romantic Era. Romantic writers virtually glorified nature to the extent that it affected how they lived their lives.
Noë’s Theory Thus Proves To Be A Strongly Plausible Study In Answering The Ultimate Question Of Where Consciousness Comes From.
For an in-depth summary of the history of consciousness, click here.